Since the death penalty was re-instituted in the United States in 1976, beginning in 1982 with the execution of Charles Brooks Jr., Texas has executed more inmates than any other state.
Brooks was the first person to be judicially executed by lethal injection in the world, and the first African American executed in the United States since 1967.
On February 8, 1924 inmates Charles Reynolds, Ewell Morris, George Washington, Mack Matthews, and Melvin Johnson had their death sentences carried out by electric chair. The five electricutions were the most carried out on a single day in the state.
While Texas may be known for executing more death sentences than any other state with the death penalty, California and Florida each have a larger death row population than Texas.
Since 1976, Texas has executed over four times more inmates than Virginia (the state with the second-highest number of executions) and nearly 34 times more inmates than California (the state with the largest death row population).
Housing Death Row Inmates
As of 2010 the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) houses death row prisoners after they are transported from their counties of conviction, and the TDCJ administers the death penalty on a condemned prisoners court-scheduled date of execution.
Male death row inmates are housed at the Allan B. Polunsky Unit in West Livingston and female death row inmates are housed at the Mountain View Unit in Gatesville. All executions occur at Huntsville Unit.